This is my mother, Norma. She left for Canada in 1969 for professional reasons, but also to get away from any potential transformation of the Philippines into a communist state. At the time, a communist movement had established its identity there, and like some other Filipinos she didn’t want to risk waiting to see if the movement became fruitful, especially since she had written some anti-communist articles in a local newspaper.The photograph itself has a violent history. In the 1990s, my grandmother’s home and farm property were ransacked and set on fire by vandals. The photograph, one of the few that survived the ordeal, survived but in tattered form. My mother did not retrieve this photograph until 2007 when we both visited the Philippines together.
Submitted by Theresa Campagna (Chicago, Illinois).